Because of the constant increase on the prices of oil and the competition on the demand of foods and biofuel sources and with the world today have food crisis, this led to the interest of algae farming for making vegetable oil, biodiesel, biogasoline, bioethanol as well as other forms of biofuel that uses lands not suitable for agriculture. The fact about algae is that this has the potential to provide source of hydrogen, biodiesel as well as ethanol fuels. Microalgae is actually a fast growing photosynthesizing organism that is capable of completing its whole growing cycle for every few days. About 50% of the weight of algae is comprised of oil compared to palm that has only about 20% of weight in oil.
Farming algae is considered to be a good option for making vegetable oil and different kinds of biofuels. Microalgae is a one-celle, photosynthetic microorganism which is in fact abundant in various kinds of marine environments everywhere on earth. The potential of commercial algae production in fact is expected to come from growing it in translucent tubes or containers which are known as photo bioreactors or from an open ocean algae bloom harvesting. Some other advantages includes processing of algae biomass through gasification in creating syngas, using waste streams from municipalities as water sources, growing carbohydrate rich algae strains for the purpose of cellulosic ethanol and also for carbon capture from smokestacks to help increase the growth rate of the algae.
Algae in fact have certain qualities, making it a good option for biodiesel production. Compared to the corn-based biodiesel which competes with food crops on land resources, production methods of algae in photobioreactors for algae ponds can in fact complement than having to compete with other biomass-based fuel options. And unlike other biodiesel crops, algae does not need a significant input of carbon intensive fertilizers. You could actually find some algae species which is grown in waters with high amounts of salt, which means that this is not a problem on freshwater supplies.
There are actually some companies and government agencies who funds such effort in order to reduce the capital and operating costs and in making the algae fuel production viable commercially. According to a recent study made, genetic engineering can actually help in improving algae’s fuel efficiency because algae can actually be modified to build short carbon chains than long chains of carbohydrates.
You could find some companies that are into the use of chemically-induced mutations to create alage suitable for use as a crop. There are some commercial interests to the large-scale algal-cultivation systems who wish to connect with existing infrastructures like coal power plants, cement factories or perhaps on sewage treatment facilities. Visit this link or homepage to learn more info. about where to buy algae.